I-Rhubarb ekhulayo: I-Pieplant enhle, amaqabunga anobuthi

Ukuzula Okusheshayo

lapho ukuthenga izingubo zokujima

I-Rhubarb iyisikhathi eside sokuphila esenza ukwengeza okuhle kunoma iyiphi ingadi. Yisitshalo esikhula kalula esingaveza amashumi eminyaka lapho sinakekelwa kahle. Yize amaqabunga nezimpande zinoshevu, iziqu zivame ukusetshenziswa njengesisekelo sama-dessert amaningi. I-Rhubarb ithandwa kakhulu ophaya, ujamu, amajeli, nama-compotes.

Ezinye izinhlobo zingaphila kuze kube yiminyaka engama-20, kanti isitshalo singakhula sibe ngamamitha amaningana ububanzi namamitha amaningana ubude. Imiqhele yeRhubarb isakazeka ngaphansi komhlaba futhi ingadinga ukuhlukaniswa njalo eminyakeni emithathu kuya kwemine ukugcina isitshalo sikhiqiza futhi silawuleka. I-Rhubarb ikhula kahle ezindaweni ezipholile noma ezipholile.



Ake sifunde kabanzi ngokuthi ungasitshala kanjani isitshalo se-rhubarb!

Imikhiqizo Emihle Yokukhula Kwe-Rhubarb:

Umhlahlandlela Wokunakekelwa Ngokushesha

Ukukhula kweRhubarb
Ukukhula kwe-rhubarb kuyindlela enhle yokupompa umdlalo wakho wephayi.
Amagama ajwayelekile I-Rhubarb
Igama Lesayensi Rheum rhabarbarum noma iRheum x. i-hybridum
Izinsuku Zokuvuna Iminyaka emibili ngemuva kokutshala imiqhele noma ukuqala, iminyaka emithathu uma uqala kusuka enzalweni
Khanyisa Ilanga eligcwele
Amanzi Kukhishwe kahle
Umhlabathi Ucebile, ugcwele izinto eziphilayo ezifana nomquba obolile
Umanyolo Umquba omningi. Ngenye indlela, i-nitrogen ephezulu ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo.
Izinambuzane Ama-aphid, iminenke, ama-slugs, i-rhubarb curculio beetle, i-potato stem borer
Izifo Indawo yeLeaf, isikhunta esimpunga, impande ye-pythium nokubola komqhele, indawo yeqabunga le-anthracnose kanye nokubola kwesiqu

Konke Mayelana neRhubarb

I-rhubarb encane
Iziqu ezide zithatha isikhashana ukukhula, njengoba kubonakala kule rhubarb encane.

I-Rhubarb (i-Rheum rhabarbarum) iye yaklanywa eminyakeni edlule ngeziqu zayo ezidliwayo. Akuqiniseki ukuthi i-Rheum x. Izinhlobonhlobo ze-hybridum zivela, kepha i-rhubarb ihlanganisa kalula kalula. Kokubili iR. Rhabarbarum neRheum rhaponticum kwakhuliswa eYurophu ngaphambi kwekhulu le-18, ikakhulukazi ukusetshenziswa kwezokwelapha. Ngekhulu le-18, lezi zitshalo, ngaphezu kweRheum x. i-hybridum, zazitshalwa kulo lonke elaseNgilandi naseYurophu njengemifino. Njengoba izitshalo zoqobo zikhethwe embewini enempova evulekile, cishe akunakwenzeka ukuthola umsuka wesitshalo sanamuhla se-rhubarb! Izinhlobonhlobo ezilinywa namuhla esivandeni sompheki zivame ukuba yiRheum x. i-hybridum.

URhubarb ubizwa ngegama elithi “pieplant” ngenxa yokuthi iziqu zisetshenziswa kangaki ukubhaka ophaya. Kodwa-ke, amaqabunga e-rhubarb aqukethe i-oxalic acid ne-anthrone glycosides futhi anobuthi. Akufanele udle amaqabunga, izimpande, noma enye ingxenye ngaphandle kwezinhlanga. Amaqabunga amise okonxantathu futhi angakhula abe ngamamitha amabili ububanzi.

Ngokwesiko esetshenziswa ezitsheni ezinoshukela, kunesizathu esithandekayo sokuthi kungani i-rhubarb ibizwa ngokuthi isithelo ngokusemthethweni. Ngokwezitshalo, lokhu kuyimifino. Kodwa-ke, ngo-1947, i-U.S. Customs yashintsha ukubizwa kwe-rhubarb kusuka kwimifino kuya esithelweni ngoba intela yokungenisa yayingaphansi kwezithelo kunemifino.

Izinhlobo ezidumile zifaka iCherry Red, iChipman's Canada Red, iCrimson Red, iGlaskin's Perpetual, iHolstein's Bloodred, iTurkey, neVictoria. Umlimi ngamunye unombala nosayizi ohlukile, kusuka kokuluhlaza okukhanyayo kuya kupinki kuya ekubomvu kwegazi!

Ukutshala iRhubarb

Ukutshala i-rhubarb yakho yingxenye elula kunazo zonke. Zibeke phakathi kwamamitha amathathu kuya kwamane ubude nezimpande ezi-2 intshi ukujula engadini. Ungatshala i-rhubarb emibhedeni ephakanyisiwe noma utshale phansi, kepha lokhu kuzodinga indawo enkulu engadini. Ukutshala engadini yakho kufanele kwenzeke entwasahlobo ngemuva nje kokuncibilika komhlaba, noma ukuwa sekwephuzile lapho izitshalo zingasebenzi.

Yikuphi

Isitshalo seRhubarb
Amahlanga anemibala egqamile acasha ngaphansi kwamahlamvu aluhlaza.

Ilanga nokushisa

Tshala i-rhubarb elangeni eligcwele, okungenani amahora ayisithupha elanga. Uma uhlala endaweni efudumele kune-8, kufanele ukhethe indawo enomthunzi othile wantambama. I-Rhubarb iyachuma ezindaweni ezi-3-8. Ezingxenyeni 9 no-10, zingakhula njengonyaka. Ezinye izinhlobo ezibekezelela amakhaza zingatshalwa endaweni engu-2b ngohlaka olubandayo. I-Rhubarb idinga isikhathi esibandayo, esingalali isikhathi sokuphumula, bese iqala ukukhula ngeziqu ezinamandla ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo. Ngokuvamile kungesinye sezitshalo zokuqala ukukhiqiza!

I-Rhubarb ihamba kahle kakhulu lapho amazinga okushisa ebusika ewela ngaphansi kwama-degree angama-40 nalapho ihlobo lingamazinga angama-75. Ukushisa okwedlulele nomswakama kuzodala ukuthi imiqhele ibole, futhi lesi sitshalo asisoze sangena e-dormancy. Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi isitshalo siziphathe njengonyaka. Ezimweni ezipholile lapho ichuma khona, i-rhubarb idlula ngokulala emazingeni okushisa abandayo ukugcina amandla enkathi elandelayo yokukhula.

I-Rhubarb ingabekezelela isithwathwa ngandlela thile. Lahla noma iziphi iziqu ezimnyama noma ze-mushy ezonakaliswe yiqhwa. Ngaphandle kwalokho, hlola ukuhlukahluka okukhulayo ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngokubekezelelana kwayo okubandayo. Izinhlobo eziningi zitshalwa eCanada nase-Alaska futhi zingamelana nama-degree angama -40! Lesi yisimo sezulu esihle kakhulu esipholile.

I-Rhubarb ingatshalwa ezindaweni zokugcina izithombo ezimnyama ezibizwa nge- “hothouses”. Lapho, izingongolo ze-rhubarb zikhula zibomvana futhi zibe-sweet, kanti amaqabunga aphenduka aphuzi ngenxa yokuntuleka kwe-chlorophyll evela ekukhanyeni kwelanga. I-Rhubarb ekhule ngaphansi kwezimo zemvelo inokunambitheka okune-asidi kakhulu, okuvamise ukuba mnandi noshukela uma kuphekiwe. I-Rhubarb ekhula ngaphandle ingabuye ‘iphoqelelwe’, lapho kubekwa khona idome ngaphezulu kwesitshalo ukudala izimo ezifudumele nezimnyama, okuphoqa ukukhula kwasekuqaleni.

Amanzi Nomswakama

Kufanele njalo unisele isitshalo sakho se-rhubarb ekuseni, futhi ungalokothi kushise usuku, ngakho-ke kunesikhathi sokoma kepha akuhlushwa ukuqhamuka ngokweqile. Gcina i-rhubarb yakho inisela kahle ngonyaka wokuqala ukukhuthaza ukukhula okunempilo nge- i-soaker hose . Kunconywa i-intshi eyodwa yamanzi ngesonto ngenkathi yokukhula.

Nciphisa ukuchelela izitshalo zakho ze-rhubarb ngesikhathi sokuphela nasebusika, ngoba izitshalo zizongena enkathini engasebenzi lapho zingakhiqizi ukukhula okusha. Izitshalo zeRhubarb zingabanjwa umqhele ngokubola ngokweqile noma umswakama owedlulele.

Umhlabathi

I-Rhubarb ithanda inhlabathi ecebile, ekhishwe kahle. Shintsha inhlabathi yakho yensimu ngomquba kanye nezinto eziphilayo ezifana nomquba obolile lapho utshala i-rhubarb. Uma i-drainage iyinkinga, ungahle uthande ukubheka umbhede ophakanyisiwe noma usebenze kancane perlite . I-pH yenhlabathi kufanele ibe phakathi kuka-6.0 no-6.8.

Umanyolo

Iqabunga elikhulu le-rhubarb
Amaqabunga eRhubarb angaba makhulu kakhulu, kepha awadli.

Izitshalo zeRhubarb zingabondli abasindayo. Qala ngokuchibiyela kakhulu inhlabathi yakho ngomquba noma ngomquba umquba wenkomo noma umquba wehhashi . Ezinye izinto eziphilayo nazo ziyizengezo ezinhle kakhulu. Lokhu kuqala isitshalo sakho.

imashela izimpilo zethu inkulumo

Ngonyaka wokuqala ukukhula kwe-rhubarb, ungasebenzisi umanyolo osuselwa ku-nitrate. Ukuthintana kusenesikhathi nama-nitrate kungalimaza kakhulu noma kubulale izitshalo zakho ezincane. Gwema umanyolo wamakhemikhali walowo nyaka wonke wokuqala, ungeza ngezinto ezengeziwe zomquba njengoba kudingeka. Eminyakeni elandelayo, faka ukufafaza okuncane kukamanyolo we-nitrogen ephezulu njengoba nje umhlaba uncibilika entwasahlobo. Lokhu kuvumela ukuthi umanyolo ungene kancane kancane emhlabathini futhi unciphise ukushiswa komanyolo ezimpandeni.

Ukuthena

I-Rhubarb ingaveza imbali enhle, kepha kufanele uhlale usika iziqu zembali ukonga amandla ngoba izimbali zisusa amandla esitshalweni. Uzodinga futhi ukusika amaqabunga e-rhubarb kusuka ezinhlangeni ngaphambi kokudla isitshalo. Uma noma yiziphi izingongolo ziba mnyama noma i-mushy, kufanele uzinqume esitshalweni. Ekupheleni kwesizini lapho amaqabunga efa ngokwemvelo, kufanele usike izingongolo ze-rhubarb ubuyele emqhele, unakekele ukuthi ungangcwabi umqhele ngaphansi kwenhlabathi lapho usebenzisa i-mulch noma umquba.

Njalo eminyakeni engu-3-4, hlukanisa imiqhele ye-rhubarb ngenkathi ingasebenzi. Ukukhula okusha kuzokwenzeka ngaphandle kwemiqhele.

Ukusakazeka

Indlela esheshayo yokusabalalisa i-rhubarb ukwahlukanisa. I-Rhubarb kufanele ihlukaniswe ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo noma ekwindla, ngaphambi kokuvela kokukhula okusha noma ngemuva kokulala. Sebenzisa ifosholo elibukhali noma ummese ukusika ucezu lomqhele okungenani olunamaqhuzwana kulo, oluzokwakha amahlumela amasha namaqabunga.

I-Pieplant isakazeka ngokushesha futhi kufanele ihlukaniswe njalo eminyakeni embalwa ukukhuthaza ukukhula okusha ngoba ukukhula okusha kuhlala kungaphandle komqhele. Le yindlela esheshayo yokusungula isitshalo esisha se-rhubarb.

Ukuqala kusuka kuma-bulbs nakho kuyindlela, kepha kuthatha isikhathi eside ukuze izitshalo zifinyelele ekuvuthweni.

Ukuvuna Nokugcina

Manje njengoba wazi ukuthi ungakhula kanjani futhi unakekele izitshalo zakho ze-rhubarb, ake sixoxe ngokuthi uzisebenzisa kanjani! I-Rhubarb ingaveza amashumi eminyaka, ngakho-ke kuhle ukuba nezindlela zokupheka ezimbalwa ezijwayelekile okufanele zilandelwe unyaka nonyaka.

Ukuvuna

Iziqu zokuvuna ngokushesha lapho sezifinyelele kubude obugcwele, ekuqaleni kwesizini. Isikhathi sizoncika ezinhlobonhlobo ozikhulisayo, ngakho-ke qiniseka ukuthi uzijwayeza nge-cultivar onayo engadini yakho. Ngokuya ngokuhlukahluka, azoba phakathi kwamasentimitha ayi-12 ubude namayintshi angama-24 ubude ekuvuthweni.

Ukuvuna i-rhubarb, bamba isiqu ngokuqinile phansi, usonte, bese usuka esitshalweni. Uma lokhu kwehluleka, ungazisika izingquza phansi ngommese wenzalo noma gunda .

Uma usususe iziqu, susa amaqabunga e-rhubarb bese umquba kubo. Lezi ziqukethe i-oxalic acid enobuthi futhi akufanele neze idliwe. Ukugcina amaqabunga esitshalweni nakho kungadala ukuthi isheshe isheshe. Uma ungeke upheke i-rhubarb yakho ngokushesha, ungayiqinisa ukuze uyigcine.

Ungavuna izingongolo kuze kube phakathi nehlobo, imvamisa ngoJuni noma ngoJulayi ngaphambi kokuthi uyeke ukuvuna bese uvumela isitshalo songe amandla aso ngonyaka olandelayo. Zama ukudidizela isivuno sakho, bese ushiya izingongolo eziphakathi nendawo ukuze zisize ukubuya kwesitshalo.

Ungavuni izinhlanga eziningi ngonyaka wokuqala. Ngonyaka wesibili, ungavuna iziqu eziningi. Esikhathini esilandelayo, ungandisa isivuno sakho, kepha zama ukushiya okungenani iziqu ezintathu endaweni. Njalo vumela isitshalo ukuba siphumule futhi sikhule ngaphambi kwesikhathi sokuvuna ngonyaka ozayo.

Ukugcina

I-rhubarb entsha kufanele igcinwe esiqandisini ukuvimbela ukubuna. Yimise engilazini bese ugcina ingilazi iniselwa, ukuyishintsha ibe yintsha njalo. Ungayimboza nangepulasitiki ukuze uthole umswakama owengeziwe. Sebenzisa iziqu kungakapheli isonto, noma ucabangele ezinye izindlela zokugcina isikhathi eside.

Uma uhlela ukugcina i-rhubarb yakho ngokuyiqandisa, zama ukutshala izinhlobo ezinjenge-Sunrise noma i-Valentine. Uma uthanda ukuwafaka , zama i-Canadian Red McDonald, noma enye inhlobo efaneleke kuma-jams nama-jellies. Izinhlobo ezihlukile ezihlukile ezibizwa ngokuthi iJalimane lewayini kuthiwa kuhle ngokwenza iwayini elithanda ukufana ne rose!

Ukuxazulula inkinga

Indawo yeLeaf ku-rhubarb
Ubufakazi be-anthracnose buyabonakala kulawa maqabunga e-rhubarb.

Manje ake sikhulume ngezinto ezithile ezingase zingahambi kahle lapho utshala izitshalo ze-rhubarb nokuthi ungazisingatha kanjani!

imibala engcono kakhulu yokudaya izinwele ezinsundu

Izinkinga Ezikhulayo

I-Rhubarb kulula ukuyigcina uma isunguliwe. Kodwa-ke, it ulwela ukushisa nomswakama . Eningizimu, kuvame ukutshalwa njengesitshalo saminyaka yonke esikhundleni sokuhlala isikhathi eside. Ngenxa yamazinga okushisa afudumele asebusika, akukaze kufinyelele ukulala lapho. I-Rhubarb ayithandi ukushisa futhi ifaneleka kakhulu ezindaweni ezipholile. Uma ukhula ezindaweni ezishisayo, khula njengonyaka futhi unikeze umthunzi wantambama.

Imiqhele yeRhubarb ingakwazi ukubola uma kunamanzi amaningi noma ushiywe enhlabathini engakhiphi kahle. Qaphela ukugcina umhlabathi wakho we-rhubarb ulula futhi unomswakama, kepha ungabi namandla. Uma i-drainage iyinkinga, cabanga ngombhede ophakanyisiwe noma ukuchibiyela inhlabathi.

Izinambuzane

Ukulimala kusuka izintwala , slugs , futhi iminenke emaqabungeni akaphazamisi ingxenye edliwayo yesitshalo, kepha kufanele usebenzise izilawuli ezijwayelekile njengamafutha omuthi noma insipho yokubulala izinambuzane yezintwala. I-Slug ne-snail bait zizodonsela lezo zinambuzane kude nezitshalo zakho.

Esinye isinambuzane yi- rhubarb curculio beetle . Abantu abadala bangathathwa ngesandla. Zizowela emaqabungeni uma unyakazisa isitshalo phezu kukaseyili noma ishidi lepulasitiki. Akukho ukulawulwa kwamakhemikhali njengamanje okunconyelwe ama-rhubarb curculio beetles, kepha ungagcina i-rhubarb patch engenalo ukhula ukuze ubavikele ekuzalelaneni ezitshalweni eziseduze.

Enye inkathazo ye-rhubarb yi- amazambane ama-borer . Amabhu abekela amaqanda otshanini ekwindla, kanti amacimbi amasha aqandusela entwasahlobo. Ngokufanayo ne-rhubarb curculio beetle, kunconywa ukuthi ususe ukhula esitshalweni sakho se-rhubarb ukulawula noma yiziphi izinambuzane ezivela ekuzaleni. Hlola nokwandiswa kwendawo yakho yezolimo ukuthola izindlela zokulawula ezisebenza esifundeni sakho.

Izifo

Isifo esivamile se-rhubarb yi ukubola komqhele . Uma usutholakele, kufanele usike ingxenye ethintekile yomqhele, ngoba alukho umuthi. Qinisekisa ukunciphisa ukuchelela ukuvikela umqhele osele.

I-Rhubarb ingahle ikhule indawo yeqabunga ye-anthracnose noma ukubola kwesiqu . Susa wonke amahlamvu athelelekile ukuvikela ukuthi lesi sifo singasabalali. Ukubola kwesiqu kuzokwenza ukuthi izingongolo ziphenduke zibe nsundu noma zibe mnyama futhi zenze intando. Zonke izingongolo ezinegciwane kufanele zisuswe, futhi izicubu zezitshalo ezinesifo kufanele zilahlwe, hhayi umquba. Lezi zifo ezimbili zingathinta izitshalo ezicindezelekile. Zalisa izitshalo zakho ze-rhubarb entwasahlobo elandelayo ukuze wandise impilo yazo. Zama ukugcina ukusakazwa komoya okuhle ngakubo futhi.

I-Botrytis cinerea isikhunta esiwela ngaphezulu kwezitshalo ze-rhubarb. Kubukeka njengesikhunta esimpunga futhi kuyachuma ebusika obufudumele. Ama-fungicides ethusi ayasebenza ekulawuleni.

Ukubola kwezimpande kwenzeka ezimweni ezinamanzi amaningi. Qinisekisa ukuthi inhlabathi yakho idonsa umswakama owedlulele.

imibuzo ejwayelekile ukubuzwa

Amaqabunga eRhubarb
Amahlamvu e-Rhubarb enza kube ukwengeza okuhle engadini.

Q: Kufanele nini ukhethe i-rhubarb?

IMP: Yeka ukuvuna i-rhubarb yakho ngemuva komhlaka-4 Julayi! Lokhu kuvumela ukuthi isitshalo sigcine amandla ngonyaka olandelayo. Izingongolo nazo zizoncipha futhi amaqabunga abe nobuthi ezinyangeni ezizayo.

Q: Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani ukuthi i-rhubarb ikhule?

IMP: I-Rhubarb ekhuliswe ngama-bulbs akufanele ivunwe kuze kube unyaka wesithathu, kepha ingavunwa esikhathini esingangonyaka owodwa lapho ikhule isuka ezigabeni.

Q: Yini okungafanele itshalwe eduze kwe-rhubarb?

IMP: Ungatshali i-rhubarb eduze nemidumba noma ubhekilanga ngoba ingaheha izinambuzane ze-rhubarb.

Q: Uyisebenzisa kanjani i-rhubarb ebusika?

IMP: Sika noma yiziphi izingongolo ezilimele bese umboza umqhele ngamasentimitha ama-2 kuya kwayi-4 womquba womquba obolile kahle. Ngonyaka olandelayo, ukukhula okusha kuzovela. Uma usebenzisa ama-chips enkuni, babuyele emuva kusukela esihlokweni njengoba umhlabathi uncibilika.